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Posted by admin on January 24th, 2015 — Posted in educational, eyewear /

Swimming Goggles

With the fabulous summer we have experienced many people have been making full use of the great weather and enjoying spending time in the water swimming or diving.
When it comes to spectacle wearers there are a number of options to ensure you are able to see as well as possible when in or under the water whether its snorkeling, diving or swimming. Better vision enhances the enjoyment of water sports and improves safety.
Swimming Goggles: These are now available in a range of ready-made spectacle powers for simple prescriptions and provide good correction for seeing in the pool or the ocean. For prescriptions outside of the standard range, custom made prescriptions can be fitted to certain goggles and we are happy to advise or help with this.
Diving Masks: Diving masks are also available with simple prescriptions in a ready-made form. In these masks the lenses are interchangeable with a range of lens powers including long sighted and shortsighted prescriptions. For higher prescription or those considerable amounts of astigmatism, the lenses can be made with a flat front surface which is then laminated to the back of the mask lenses giving consistent clear vision whether you need it to view the fish or your equipment.
Contact Lenses: Due to the possibility of bacterial contamination we never advise swimming in the pool, ocean or diving with contact lenses on their own. However if they are worn with a well fitted dive mask, good vision with little compromise to eye safety can be achieved. Generally in these cases we refit with daily disposable contact lenses to limit the cost if the lenses are lost and minimize solution requirements if away on holiday.
As with all action sports regular checks on eye health are recommended particularly if contact lenses are worn. This way if problems occur they can be appropriately managed at an early stage.
Whatever your water sport preference we are happy to advise on the best way of safely correcting your vision so you can make the most of your time in the water this year.

Posted by admin on January 20th, 2015 — Posted in eye health / Tags: ,

meibomian4Meibomian glands are the oil-producing glands located in the upper and lower eyelids. There are 25-30 of these glands which slowly release oil into the tear film. This oil stops the water in the tears from evaporating, thus helping to prevent dry eyes.


Sometimes the oil becomes slightly thicker than normal, which can lead to blockage of the narrow ducts which take the oil from the gland to the tear film. The oil continues to be produced, leading to filling and swelling of the glands and as the stabilizing oil cannot reach the tear film, dry eye can occur. Severe blockage can lead to enlarged glands (a cyst) or even infection.

Other symptoms can include red inflamed eyelid margins, watery eyes, or a gritty feeling like there is something in your eyes.

It is therefore important to unclog the glands and prevent them from blocking up again as much as possible.

Luckily meibomian gland dysfunction is reasonably easy to treat.   If your optometrist diagnoses you with this condition often the first treatment they will start you on is a warm compress to help liquefy the thickened oil in the glands, and a gentle massage towards the gland opening to help express the thickened oil.  It can take a number of weeks for the glands to be cleared of old thickened oil and begin to work effectively again.

Often an eye drop like Systane Balance, which temporarily replaces the oily layer of the tears, can be helpful to reduce symptoms until the treatment takes effect.

Dietary supplements rich in omega 3 can also help your body to produce better quality tear oils which don’t thicken as much.


In some cases if the initial treatment does not fully resolve the issue, your optometrist will liaise with your doctor or an ophthalmologist to provide you with oral medications to help clear the glands.


Meibomian gland dysfunction is a chronic condition, so regular warm compress and massage is important to maintain a comfortable eye and prevent a recurrence of symptoms.


As many of the symptoms of meibomian gland dysfunction can be similar to other ocular conditions it is important to visit your local eyecare professional to confirm the diagnosis.


Posted by admin on January 15th, 2015 — Posted in eyewear / Tags: , ,

Adjusting glasses

When you collect your new spectacles the staff at your optometrists take care in ensuring they fit you correctly.  Allowing you to achieve optimal vision, comfort and stability of fit even during sporting activities.

Day to day wear and tear on your spectacles often changes the fit leading to decreased vision and comfort.  This particularly affects reading glasses as they are being taken on and off frequently. Part of the service provided at an optometrists is the readjustment of frames, and tightening of screws as these work loose over time.

Some lens types are affected more by changes to the fit of the spectacle frame than others.  People who wear progressive lenses, or who have high prescriptions will notice blur and visual discomfort in the event of significant misalignment.

Sometimes even the most subtle adjustment of the frame fit can lead to a big change in visual comfort particularly in progressive lenses.

Posted by admin on January 12th, 2015 — Posted in eyewear / Tags: , ,

Did you know that over 90% of all workplace eye injuries can be prevented by wearing proper protective eyewear? Workers aged 40 years and over have increased safety risks due to age related decreased near vision. With almost 55% of the New Zealand workforce over the age of 40 the time to get prescription safety glasses in your workplace is now.  If you are in an environment where there are potential hazards “Every effort should be made to eliminate eye and face hazards… (AS/NZS 1336:2014 2.1)”.  The appropriate safety eyewear is also important in the home workshop environment.

When your vision is not corrected the risk of accidents causing injuries including to the eyes increases with decreased coordination and depth perception. This could be easily prevented with prescription safety glasses.  The safety glasses can be full progressive, bifocal, single vision or occupational progressives.  These can also be supplied in Transitions or with a  full tint where this is deemed necessary in high glare environments.

Compared with previous safety eyewear for medium impact protection, prescription safety glasses now have increased comfort, reduced weight, and  less restriction of visual field. This allows increased ease of wear and improved vision leading to greater precision and efficiency while working.

The product we provide for you is not only compliant but fully certified. This means it has been impact tested in a laboratory setting and the results verified by an approved third party and issued with license documentation. An official certificate is issued with every pair of prescription eyewear and is certified as valid safety eyewear.

Personal eye protectors should be the appropriate type for the wearer, and need to be fitted to the wearer by a person who is competent to select the correct size and type (AS/NZS 1336.4.3) At Optik Eyecare we have professional and helpful staff that will help with style advice, expert fitting and friendly customer service.  Our certified safety eyewear ranges come with a warranty of 12-24 months.

We are also able to offer a nationwide service through other practices throughout the country via our network known as the Independent Optical Partners group. You can view the list of our network of partners online at www.iop.org.nz

If you would like more information about safety glasses, including eye exam and safety glasses packages please contact the our Pukekohe practice on 092383796 for an information pack.

Posted by admin on January 11th, 2015 — Posted in eyewear / Tags: , ,

Change tint lenses



While some people prefer to have dedicated prescription sunglasses, others find that change tint (transitions) lenses are more practical as you do not have to carry around multiple pairs of glasses.

Change tint lenses darken when exposed to UV light, so in NZ conditions will darken even on a bright winter’s day. Change tint lenses enhance the quality of your vision by reducing the sun’s glare under different light conditions. They don’t work as well in cars as the windscreen blocks UV rays, so the use of an additional clip-on or fitover may be necessary if you are light sensitive.

Change tint lenses are generally made with a grey tint, but also available in a brown and grey/green tint.

Modern change tint lenses change faster and are clearer indoors and darker in the sun than ever before. Most wearers report the adjustment happens so smoothly that they are unaware of it.

Posted by admin on September 9th, 2014 — Posted in educational, eye health / Tags: , , , , , , ,

This year’s Franklin Positive Ageing Expo 2014 takes place on Friday 10th October in the Pukekohe Indian Association Hall. Last year’s event was a great success and this year we will again have a stand offering information on all matters relating to eyecare. Optometrist Naomi Meltzer who runs a monthly Low Vision Clinic at our rooms will be available on the stand throughout the day. She will be able to offer advice to people who have experienced substantial losses in vision, particularly with conditions such as glaucoma, age related macular degeneration, cataract and diabetic retinopathy.


Glaucoma is an eye condition where damage to the optic nerve causes a gradual decrease in the peripheral vision.  Because the fields of vision overlap, people with glaucoma often do not experience symptoms until a large amount of damage has already been done.  It is estimated that 70,000 New Zealanders over 40 have glaucoma, and that half do not know they have it!   To test for risk of glaucoma your optometrist will measure the pressure of your eyes, do a peripheral field test and look at your nerve to check for any changes. Treatment where needed generally involves lowering eye pressure using drops, laser treatments or surgery.


The macular is the central region of the retina, it is responsible for fine detailed vision.  In age related macular degeneration this area is damaged, causing blur   and distortion

It is the leading cause of blindness in older patients.  A family history of the disease, smoking and UV light exposure all increase the risk of macular degeneration. Some types of this condition are treatable.


Cataracts are a very common cause of vision loss, which luckily are very easily treated.  A cataract forms when the lens inside the eye becomes cloudy, preventing light from traveling into the eye properly.   If you are beginning to develop cataract your vision will feel foggy, and you may develop problems with glare.  Initially cataracts can also cause significant changes in prescription, causing spectacle lenses to be changed more frequently. At some point the blur from the cataract no longer can be corrected by spectacle lens changes and referral for surgery to an Ophthalmologist is required.


In people who have diabetes the small blood vessels in the retina can begin to leak, causing bleeding and swelling in the back of the eye.  This condition is called diabetic retinopathy.  It is especially important that people with diabetes have regular eye examinations, as the damage which is occurring to the eye blood vessels indicate what is happening the rest of the body and how well the diabetes is controlled.


We recommend you have an eye examination every two years  to check the health of your eyes.





Posted by admin on September 5th, 2014 — Posted in educational, eye health / Tags: , , , , ,


We all know how uncomfortable it is getting something in your eye and the relief when it is removed. But what if the thing in your eye is part of your eye.

Trichiasis is the term for misdirected eyelashes which contact the front of the eye. This can be caused by chronic lid infections causing lid margin scarring, trauma, surgery or just the lashes growing the wrong way. Although difficult to do safely yourself, careful removal of the offending lashes will result in temporary relief, until the lashes grow back. If untreated the lashes may cause abrasion to the cornea which may result in infection or scarring. Permanent treatment is possible from an ophthalmologist, who will use radiowave ablation via a small probe inserted in the hair follicle.
There may be other causes of your eye irritation, so to be certain of getting the correct treatment, see your local Optometrist.

Posted by admin on August 14th, 2014 — Posted in educational, eye health /

Eye Examination

Having red irritated eyelids is a reasonably common complaint with many patients. Often the cause of this is blepharitis. There are two types of blepharitis – anterior blepharitis affecting the eye lashes and the skin around them, and posterior blepharitis affecting the oil producing glands in the eye lids.

Anterior blepharitis is a mild infection of the eyelashes, caused by an accumulation of oil, dead skin cells and Staphlococcus Aureus. Staphlococcus Aureus is a bacteria which is always present on the surface of your skin, in small numbers it causes no problems, but in higher concentrations the toxins released by the bacteria cause irritiation and redness.
Anterior blephritis is very easy to treat, either by using premade treatments like “lid care” or rubbing a small amount of diluted Baby Shampoo onto the eyelashes (with your eyes closed) for about 15 to 20 seconds for each eye, twice a day, and then rinsing.

Stopping this treatment often result in a return of the condition, since the bacteria that cause the condition are very common on the skin and eyelids and will return.

Posterior blepharitis is also known as Meibomian gland dysfunction. The meibomian glands are the oil-producing glands located in the upper and lower eyelids. There are 25-30 of these glands which slowly release oil into the tear film.
This oil stops the water in the tears from evaporating, thus helping to prevent dry eyes. Sometimes the oil becomes slightly thicker than normal, which can lead to blockage of the narrow ducts which take the oil from the gland to the tear film.
The oil continues to be produced leading to filling and swelling of the glands.
This blockage can cause dry eyes, cyst formation or even infections.
It is therefore important to unclog the glands and prevent them from blocking up again as much as possible.
Posterior blepharitis is treated by using a warm compress to liquefy the thickened oil in the glands, and gentle massage to help express the old oil.

Usually treatment for blepharitis needs to be ongoing, or the discomfort and redness will return.

Posted by admin on August 7th, 2014 — Posted in contact lenses /

Contact Lenses

If you have previously worn contact lenses without success or if you haven’t tried contact lenses before, now is a good time. With the latest technology it means that there’s a contact lens suitable for almost every person requiring a correction.
In the past with conventional lenses that were replaced very infrequently, there were many problems with irritation, redness and discomfort.
The types and quality of contact lenses have improved over the years. The conventional lenses of yesterday have been replaced by monthly disposable, 2 week disposable and daily disposable lenses which reduce the problems that older style lenses caused.

End of day dryness, lens depositing and discomfort are the most common reasons for contact lens failure. Particularly for people who previously have worn permanent soft contact lenses.

Modern contact lenses materials, including silicone hydrogel lenses, have improved moisture, oxygen permeability, and surface integrity. In fact, silicone hydrogel lenses enable up to five times more oxygen to reach the cornea compared to other lenses, which results in better eye health.
There are also many new advanced contact lens cleaning solutions available, which provide much more thorough cleaning of the lenses for better vision and less irritation and infections.

Another common complaint from contact lens wearers is reduced vision and glare in low lighting conditions. There is now a lens out on the market especially designed to reduce halos and glare and to enhance clarity of vision especially in low illumination.

In the past it has been very difficult to fit people who had astigmatism or the need for reading glasses with contact lenses, but with modern developments in progressive contact lenses and custom made soft contact lenses in new materials, even more people can experience the convenience of vision without glasses.

For those who only wear their contact lenses infrequently but still want all the benefits of improved vision and comfort there are a number of new daily contact lenses on the market. These include daily disposable progressive and astigmatism correcting contact lenses. This means that you don’t have to bother with the inconvenience of cleaning the lenses, and a new fresh pair of contacts every time you wear them means your eyes are a lot healthier too!

Our experienced optometrists can assess your eyes to find the best contact lens to suit your lifestyle requirements, so feel free to contact us on (09) 2383796 or (09) 5201000 for an appointment.

Posted by admin on July 31st, 2014 — Posted in curious, educational /


There are many myths about our eyes, that often leads people particularly in older age to reduce the amount of reading and close hobbies they do. The most common examples of this are using “my eyes too much will make my vision worse” and “wearing glasses will make my vision deteriorate more quickly”.
In the normal eye, clear vision is set for distance viewing. When focusing on near objects the lens inside the eye accommodates (changes its focus) to help us see clearly at a closer distance. The amount of accommodation decreases with age and this is a normal occurrence. From around age 45 it becomes noticeable that near objects are becoming harder to focus on. By the time most people reach age 55 our ability to focus is close the zero and we require glasses or contact lenses to see any details up close.
When people first start to wear glasses for reading they often feel that this first correction caused the subsequent deterioration in uncorrected near vision. As long as the glasses were correctly prescribed then this as not the case, as the persons near vision would have decreased even if they had not got the initial correction. They just would have struggled to read for a longer period.
In the case of ready readers which are not made to take into account the difference in focusing between the two eyes, astigmatism and eye separation these can cause fatigue when reading but will general not cause the persons eyes to get worse. Choosing powers that are too strong can cause the person’s ability to focus at near to deteriorate more quickly. Thus it is best when doing concentrated visual tasks to wear glasses that are based on an examination from an optometrist. Ready readers are more useful for intermittent use in situations where they are likely to be lost or damaged.
Generally using our eyes for extended near tasks will not make our eyes get worse, but can cause increased fatigue and intermittent blur. This is particularly the case where an incorrect prescription is used or where people try to maintain near focus for long periods without a break.
A thorough eye examination is the best way to make sure that visual clarity and comfort is maximised and any eye health issue is picked up and treated as early as possible. Feel free to make an appointment to address any concerns you have with your vision.